|授業の概要||Why are some countries wealthy, and others perennially poor, and why has it been so difficult to change this, despite massive funds spent on international development assistance? This introductory course will look into some basic principles of economic development and the sources of the wealth, and the poverty, of nations. It will review the origin, history and evolution of international development institutions, policies and practices, critically reviewing how different experts and scholars have assessed the outcomes of their efforts thus far. The final section of the course will consist of selected case studies. Please note that this syllabus maybe revised/adjusted throughout the term.|
|学習の到達目標||Students will acquire a basic understanding of the source, history and evolution of international development institutions, policies and practices, learn to distinguish and analyze key trends and articulate informed and balanced opinions about developmental issues in general. Students will also develop the skills to work individually and in teams, and to make short, well-structured presentations in class.|
|授業計画||第１回||This course is divided into three parts.
Part I (sessions 1 & 2) will discuss the broad history, concepts and factors influencing economic development and the wealth and prosperity (or lack thereof) of nations prior to and following WWII.
Part II (sessions 3 to 10) will start with the emergence of the Bretton Woods global fi-nancial institutions and review the context, concepts and actors of international devel-opment: how did these come about and evolve, how do opinions regarding their effec-tiveness differ and why? What are some concrete distinctions between ‘developed’ and ‘developing’ nations? More recent problems affecting developing countries, such as the impact of colonization, corruption, capital flights or the massive brain-drain will be introduced.
Part III (sessions 11 to 15) will focus on selected case studies.
Introduction to International development; the pre- and post-WWII landscape
What do terms like ‘First/Third World’, ‘developed’, ‘developing’, or ‘least developed’ actually mean? Why have some countries become rich, while others remain poor?
A brief historical perspective, from the Industrial Revolution to colonialism, communism and the dominance of the free market economy
The global financial architecture—History, origins and evolution of the Bretton Woods institutions
The global financial architecture II—international global and regional development banks
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)—A general overview
Official Development Assistance (ODA)? Who gives it and who receives it? Issues of capacity-building and effectiveness. The changing actors and landscape of international development assistance
Is development only economic? From Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to Gross National Happiness (GNH) indices. The problem of externalities.
Are ethical markets possible? From Hazel Henderson to the work of the Global Envi-ronment Facility (GEF)
Economic and financial justice—Reviewing the impact and effectiveness of a neoliberal, trickle-down economic development model
The Information Technology (IT) revolution and its social, economic, financial and environmental implications
An Asian case-study I—The Grameen Bank, a different model of development?
An Asian case-study II—How did Singapore develop so rapidly?
Africa’s economic development—From ODA to emerging initiatives in the private sector—The case of China
Japan’s international development assistance policies—sui generis? The case of the Tokyo International Conferences for African Development (TICAD)
Concluding lecture—The promises, perils…and renewed promises of international development.
|授業外学習の課題||This is an introductory class to International Development. Students will be encouraged to read broadly and eclectically. A reading list will be provided at the beginning of the term and we will ensure that the journals, magazines and newspapers referred therein will be available at the library in print or otherwise digitally. Students are expected to actively take part in class Q&A and discussion sessions.|
|履修上の注意事項||It is advised that students take IOs I (Summer 2017) before taking this course. For those unable to do so, please cover the basics on your own prior to the term start, most notably regarding the history of the post-WWII international financial architecture and the Bretton Woods institutions (please consult with class Student Assistants)
【This subject is also designed for the 2014～ Global Course students. ※ただし、一部の学部・学科では配当されていない場合があります。】
|成績評価の方法・基準||Students will be assessed on the basis of regular class attendance (15%), class participation (25%), case-study presentations (30%) and end of term exam (30%).|
|Mondays after class, or Wednesday afternoons on appointment|